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Fracking a Catalyst to Earthquakes…

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This article ‘Fracking a ‘Catalyst to Earthquakes’ looks at the link between fracking and earthquakes:

I also have an article which looks at the basics of Fracking and tells you more about what Fracking is and how its done.
T
he other article is titled ‘Lords’ Pro-Fracking Report published yet poll shows Fracking not in Favour!’ (in the link below):

Lords’ Pro-Fracking Report published yet Poll shows Fracking not in Favour!

Fracking a Catalyst to Earthquakes

fracking-infographic

Fracking is a catalyst to Earthquakes and this is evident in a rise in seismic activity in places like USA’s – Oklahoma where earthquakes have been occurring on a much larger scale; than before Fracking had begun for oil and gas, so much so that Oklahoma now sees more Earthquakes than anywhere else in the world. The most recent happening on the 30 December 2015 with a magnitude of 4.3, followed the next five days by aftershock/tremors with a further threat of more to follow. As a result 4,400 residents were left with no electricity and caused damage to the properties.

The United States Geological Survey says that more Earthquakes are to be expected as a major fault may have been re-activated by the Earthquake and that as a result this may result in further 4.0 and more magnitude earthquakes.

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Oklahoma went from two earthquakes a year before 2009 to two a day. This year, roughly 700 earthquakes of magnitude 3 or higher has shook the state, compared to 20 in 2009.

In August 2015, Oklahoma Governor – Mary Fallin admitted there was a “direct correlation between the increase of earthquakes that we’ve seen in Oklahoma [and] disposal wells.”

The latest 2015 figures for Oklahoma, show that fracking has become common, state authorities issued a report saying that the state has experienced 585  (magnitude 3+) earthquakes in 2014 compared to 109 events recorded in 2013. Oklahoma has more earthquakes in 2015 than all of continental U.S. combined. Earthquakes are hitting in swarms, and it has been reported in America that in Oklahoma no one apart from concerned residents is taking this seriously.

The disposal wells are a particular problem as the waste fluids pumped underground seems to be causing the ground to form faults and displace the stable earth to an unstable state leading to these Earthquakes.

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Honn Kao, a research scientist with Geological Survey of Canada said of this pumping of fluid, “In theory, a bigger injection of fracking fluid can certainly trigger a bigger quake.”

At the moment there is not much concern about the Earthquakes with a magnitude of 3.0 or under it is only when it reaches 3.5 magnitude that regulators have suggested shutting down the fracking operations and re-locating to a new location. There should be some serious concern for these smaller magnitude quakes too.

A lady from Oklahoma said of the multiple Earthquakes – “I live in Medford and my husband is a handy-man and we can tell you that these little quakes do cause damage. Doorways are askew, cracks are appearing and growing, and parts of houses are sinking!” she also said “The Oklahoma Corporate Commission refuses to fine these wells that are injecting too much waste fluid too deep.”  Frustrated by the media she says that “they are not even reporting all of the quakes we’ve felt.”

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In the UK test drilling for Shale gas, twice caused magnitude 2.0 earthquakes, and this in the testing stage in Lancashire, after two earthquakes of 1.5 and 2.2 magnitude hit the area a subsequent study found it was “highly probable” that shale gas test drilling triggered the tremors.

The UK government-appointed panel said there could be more tremors as a result of fracking, but they will be too small to do structural damage above ground. This is what was said in Oklahoma and they are reporting currently Earthquakes at 4.3 magnitude.

Does the UK not need to take all this into consideration rather than speeding up the process as they are currently doing. In most recent Earthquake News Ohio has been linked to Fracking where a new study links nearly 80 earthquakes ranging between 1.0 magnitude to 3.0 magnitude that occurred in Ohio’s Mahoning County in March 2014 to nearby fracking operations.

shale diagram

The British Columbia Oil and Gas Commission released a report in August 2015 stating that a  4.6 magnitude earthquake that rocked northeast British Columbia in August was caused by fracking and may be the largest earthquake on record to be attributed to the controversial energy extraction process.

These human related earthquakes are human made with the number of earthquakes rising in many areas, with this in mind should Fracking continue in the US, UK, or anywhere in the World?

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The National Parks are under threat to with David Cameron confirming that the UK is to go “all out” for shale gas. The Parks could be in danger from Earthquakes too, yet the plans to do this fracking under national parks has already been approved.

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Many residents from all around the country have opposed fracking by protesting in places like Chester, Balcombe, Greater Manchester and Blackpool and Fylde Coast. Yet the government seem to be pushing for fracking.

In an insight from former Environment Agency chairman Chris Smith, The UK is going into reverse on renewable energy while trying to hasten the beginning of the fracking process. The emphasis should be on working on developing green energy and not putting the UK/US/EU/World land at risk of earthquakes. Asia will be watching with keen eyes as to what kind of approach the richer nations take on this risky road of Fracking before making a stake for their own Fracking Revolution or Fracking Revolt, as for the Indian strategy they seem to be moving cautiously a smart approach and small scale explorations/operations are occurring.

 

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In conclusion:

We are learning more every day about this linking of Fracking to Earthquakes and it is becoming more evident by the day.  

Renewable energy is the future that needs to be worked further towards and invested in much more, at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris 2015 the world agreed to officially work towards a greener future and work to keep global warming down, fracking for shale gas is injurious to the planets Earth if it triggers quakes especially a large one. 

And these quakes are a first of their kind they are Human made; is Human kind really sizing up Seismic activity and are they ready to take on the consequences and why are countries not exploring green energy alternatives to the dangers of Fracking as outlined in this article and its link to earthquakes.

 

On an interesting note:
Did you know many animals may be able to sense Earthquakes days before they happen, there is ongoing scientific studies, mainly in Asia with animals like dogs, snakes, bees, as Scientists try to understand how prior to an earthquake animals can go into hiding like when this happened in Peru in 2011 when  magnitude 7.0 struck.

 

I also have an article which looks at the basics of Fracking and tells you more about what Fracking is and how its done.
T
he other article is titled ‘Lords’ Pro-Fracking Report published yet poll shows Fracking not in Favour!(in the link below):
Lords’ Pro-Fracking Report published yet Poll shows Fracking not in Favour!

PM David Cameron & President Francois Hollande: The UK & FRANCE Summit

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The summit is being held at RAF, Brize Norton, UK. Prime-Minister David Cameron has been hosting French President Francois Hollande and their aim is to discuss primarily the relationship between the UK and France on issues such as security, reform of the EU, nuclear energy, defence & space collaboration and how to make the EU more competitive.

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The air base of RAF Brize Norton provided many photo opportunities with defence planes as a backdrop.

The PM’s were accompanied by Secretaries and Ministers, such as the Foreign Secretary, Defence Secretary, Energy Secretary and Minister for Science, both the UK and French counterparts made their announcements, of which included many UK-French collaborations, which the No10 have referred to as a further strengthening of co-operation between the two countries.

The outcome of the Summit saw announcements on the UK and France signing a declaration on nuclear energy and agree cooperation on ambitious climate change action, and the two countries agreeing to closer defence co-operation and a £15 million investment which will see a space collaboration between the UK and France.

The EU reforms discussion was the most difficult for the two to work together on, with PM Hollande saying the amendments to the EU reform are “not urgent”.  David Cameron faced the issue of trying to negotiate on the UK’s membership with the EU before a referendum in 2017, President Hollande did not seem to be wanting to rush anything and saying that a treaty change was “not necessary”, although President Hollande did say in the future there could be a reform if it helped with the EU to be “better co-ordinated”.

Prime-minister David Cameron will be able to go ahead with a UK vote on the issue of an in-out EU referendum, if he is re-elected in the 2015 general election, which would see the UK vote take place on the EU referendum in 2017.

The French and the UK also looked at the important issue of the Central African Republic, Libya and Syria, and the issue of radicalisation of French and British citizens, fighting abroad. It was of course President Hollande who intervened with french troops in the Central African republic and the UK have said they will assist in these operations to counter these militants.

Although the two men managed to make some movement on the discussions and agreements, there will be much more to do in making these agreements work and especially on the UK – EU relationship.

ukfrancesummitbrizenorton

Double Trouble: UK doubles funding to Syria and Israeli jets strike in Syria

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The UK’s Prime Minister, David Cameron three months ago was in Jordan where he met with HM King of Jordan  (Abdullah II) and also took time to meet with displaced Syrian refugees at the border, who had fled the conflict within Syria, which has been going on since March 2011 and is known as the Syrian Civil War.

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Mr Cameron was discussing the sinister situation within Syria with the King , which sees fighting on a daily basis. There was a UN – proposal of a four day ceasefire during the time of the Muslim festival, Eid, in October 2012, this was however broken, after a car bomb exploded and killed many people, according to reports from within the country. Images have appeared on all platforms of the media revealing the devastation there and the immense number of casualties (60,000 dead according to the UN, although much more than this number are thought to have died).

There is currently an ongoing UN appeal and $1.5 billion has already been pledged to help the refugees with food, water, sanitation, shelter, medical care and supplies. The following statement is from Mr Panos Moumtzis from the official United Nations Human Committee for Refugees.

PANOS

“Over half a million refugees have now fled the escalating violence in Syria and around 3,000 new refugees are crossing the border into neighbouring countries such as Turkey and Jordan every day. It is estimated that up to 1 million Syrian refugees will need help by the end of the first half of 2013.

“We are constantly shocked by the horrific stories refugees tell us. Their lives are in turmoil. They have lost their homes and family members. By the time they reach the borders, they are exhausted, traumatised and with little or no resources to rely on.

The refugee crisis has seen the UK pledge £21 million to Jordan and the UK are pledging £50 million more than doubling the amount of funding to the UN for Syria.n refugees. This funding was announced by the UK’s International Development Secretary Justine Greening whilst attending a joint emergency conference by hosts Kuwait and the United Nations who set the appeal target at $1.5 billion and received in excess of this from Countries such as the US and Germany and other organisations.

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Justine Greening said “In Jordan on Saturday, I saw for myself the human cost of this conflict and the massive effort by NGOs to deal with huge numbers of refugees.” The UK is currently providing a total of £139.5 million to the crisis.

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General Secretary of the UN Ban Ki-Moon was at the emergency Kuwaiti conference (held on 30/01/2013)  too, he is quoted as saying: “The situation in Syria is catastrophic and getting worse by the day … And every day Syrians face a cascading catalogue of horrors: unrelenting violence, dwindling supplies of food and medicine, and human rights violations including sexual violence and arbitrary arrests and detention.”

CameronSyria

Prime Minister David Cameron is currently in Algeria after the savage hostage situation which took place there and where six Britons were killed. From 1st January 2013 the UK have been holding the G8’s Presidency and one of the issues on the agenda is tackling Terrorism; Mr Cameron’s visit to Algeria is addressing this issue at hand, whilst the problem of Syria is sure to remain on the agenda too.

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The latest development within Syria is the air strike that has taken place in Syria by Israeli jets; Syria has confirmed the air strikes although negates the target (which is said to be lorries carrying weapons, near the border of Lebanon). The BBC has reported that “Lebanese security sources, Western diplomats and Syrian rebels say an arms convoy was hit near Lebanon’s border.” This is contrary to what the Syrian Government has reported, they claim that a scientific military facility  was hit by the air strike in nearby Damascus, they also said that this facility was being attempted to be taken over by rebels also frequently referred to as terrorists by President Assad’s regime in Syria. Controversy follows president Assad and his regimes references to national terrorists operating within the country. Russia and China have backed Syria so far, although much of the World and the UN are opposed to China and Russia’s support for President Assad.

The situation is an intrinsic one, the US and Israel have not commented on the incident and it is said that Israel struck with their jets to ensure that anti-aircraft missiles did not fall into the hands of Hezbollah a militant group within Lebanon. Syria is believed to have acquired these weapons including anti-tank missiles from Russia, after a nuclear reactor was taken out by Israel in another air strike in 2007. Israel and the US are concerned that countries such as Syria, Iran, and Lebanon will use chemical weapons in a conflict and therefore Israel have stepped up their security in the North of the country.

Syria’s double – trouble is a problem, the world is watching and also trying to help the refugees, however the country is in need of dire help to sort the problem out peacefully. Finally, the United Nations have warned Syria to not use any chemical weapons as has the US.

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Additional Information:

The UNHCR are still taking donations towards the Syrian crisis: http://donate.unhcr.org/syria-uk

HAPPY DIWALI!

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Happy Diwali and Namashkar (Greetings to you)!

Today is Diwali!

The Festival of Light! Inspired by Hindu God’s Sita and Rama!

The saga – The Ramayana –  also features Hanuman (the Monkey God) and Bhagwan (God) Laxman – who is Lord Ram’s younger brother.

On this special day lamps are lit all over the World and Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, and Jains. The significance to the reason of why lamps and fireworks are lit is explained towards the end of this tribute/article.

I begin by introducing the wonderful and wonderous Gods in the Ramayana and a demon called Ravana

(The epic of Sita and Rama is called the Ramayana):

Shree Ram (he is the central figure of the Ramayana)  (above in Blue – often depicted with his Bow and Arrow):

Rama (who is an Avatar in human form) is The 7th Incarnation of Bhagwan Vishnu – (below):

He is born to King Dasharath and Shree Ram has three brothers Laxman, Bharat and Shatrugna, who are all younger to him. Shree Ram after finishing his studies with Vishwamitra his Guru (Teacher), sets out to eliminate demons from the World with his brother Laxman. After anhillating many demons, he meets his wife to be Sita; Shree Ram is set the task of stringing Lord Shiva’s bow and not only succeeds in doing so he also manages to snap the bow in half, the completion of this task sees Shree Ram and Sita’s marriage take place in extraordinary extravagance (Shree Ram being a Prince at the time and Sita a Princess). The Newly weds return to Shree Ram’s Father’s kingdom of Ayodhya to a great welcoming and an array of Hailing Shree Ram and Shree Sita ki Jai! The first hailings of many to come! Shree Ram’s love and life story is further narrated/conveyed when drastic events occur:

  • Shree Ram is halted from being crowned and is exiled to the forest for 14years by his Step-Brother’s Mother and the King Dasharath is distraught by the exilation however allows it to happen, Shree Sita and Shree Laxman go with Shree Ram to the forest.
  • Later Sita is abducted from the Forest by Demon Ravana.
  • Shree Ram is grieving and Hanuman Bhagwan comes to his aid and they go to rescue Sita from India to Sri Lanka where she is being held.

*Sita* is the wife of Shree Rama, they later have two twin boys called Love and Kush.

*(above far right of animated photo)

Sita is the Incarnation of Bhagwan Lakshmi goddess of wealth:  (who is the consort of Bhagwan Vishnu).

Sita is the daughter of the earth goddess, she goes to the forest after being sent with Ram to spend 14years in the forest called Dandaka where they have been exiled. She is Ram’s beloved sweetheart and awaits Ram to rescue her from Ravana’s tyranny.

http://www.cgtantra.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=468&Itemid=67

Demon King of Sri Lanka Ravana (above) is a powerful demon who has ten heads and a boon that he cannot be killed by God’s, he abducts Sita from the Forest and is soon at war with Rama, Laxman and Hanuman and the monkey army after this act.

Laxman (above) is Ram’s younger brother who is by Ram’s side through everything in the Ramayana, he assists Ram in his efforts to rescue Sita and is a secondary Avatar of Ram too; Laxman is also known as Shesha who is Vishnu Bhagwan’s hooded snake who provides Bhagwan Vishnu with protection also known as Balrama who is Krishna Bhagwans older brother (both of whom are central figures within the Mahabharata another Hindu epic which takes place in India.)

Hanuman (above) is the strength of Ram and vice-versa they see each other through everything and Hanuman helps immensely in Ram’s efforts to rescue Sita, first he delivers Shree Ram’s ring to Sita and re-assures her, he saves Laxman’s life who is injured in one of many battles in the war to save Sita. Hanumanji is known for saying “Jai Shree Ram”.

Diwali is an annual festival and it is celebrated in homes and temples by the lighting of lamps (diwas’) and my favourite fireworks!  Indian sweets (Mitai) are exchanged at Diwali to everyone and this has long been a tradition, families get together and celebrate the successful rescue of Sita by Ram (Rama kills Ravan) and their return to the Kingdom of Ayodhya after 14years of exile. Features of Diwali are singing, chanting, mehndi, colourful creations of patterns called Rangoli too! Many people visit temples as part of this annual festival. Festivities of all sorts take place such as Dances and Plays (Nataks)! Gifts are exchanged too! Blessings are given, food is abundant whether it be sweets or savouries!

“The exact day of the festival is decided by the position of the moon. According to the Hindu calendar, Amavasya or ‘no moon day’ is considered as the perfect day to celebrate Diwali.” – chakranews.com

Fireworks, lighting lamps and candles symbolise many things such as bringing light into our lives and the return of Sita and Ram (who were welcomed home and led back home from the forest by diwas and lights of all sorts)  it also symbolises the power of light over evil or darkness.

It is a joyous time in rememberance of Sita and Ram and everyone wishes each other well by saying Shubh Deepawali (Happy Diwali) and Saal Mubarak (New Year) the New Year is shortly after Diwali and even David Cameron the UK Prime-Minister said this year: “let me wish all a very happy and prosperous Diwali and Saal Mubarak.”

The Indian Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh has expressed the hope that the festival of lights this year will mark the beginning of a new phase of optimism for each one of his countrymen. He also wished peace and prosperity for the people.

That concludes my Diwali tribute/article!

Interesting information/ links /photos

  • Deepavali or Diwali means “a row of lights”
  • Another take on Diwali as well as being a celebration of the return of Sita and Ram and the slaying of Ravan is: “All the simple rituals (explained throughout article) of Diwali have a significance and a story to tell. The illumination of homes with lights and the skies with firecrackers is an expression of obeisance to the heavens for the attainment of health, wealth, knowledge, peace and prosperity. According to one belief, the sound of fire-crackers are an indication of the joy of the people living on earth, making the gods aware of their plentiful state.” (hinduism.about.com)
  • Diwali is also celebrated outside of India mainly in Guyana, Fiji, Malaysia, Nepal, Mauritius, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Trinidad & Tobago, Britain, Indonesia, Japan, Thailand, Africa, Australia and the US among the Hindus across the world. (hinduism.about.com)
  • WATCH RAMAYANA THE EPIC:

HAPPY DIWALI!

&

HAPPY NEW YEAR!

new-year diwali

Raj Mehta

Written by Raj

November 13, 2012 at 11:55 pm

August riots: UK update on Police

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You may recall the student protests of November 2010 there was also much damage caused to London, before the riots of August 2011. Both of the latter prolific events that have hit England have seen clashes with the Police.

Here are some key images from the student protest that turned violent:

The police have had to face this same problem of violence against them and the August riots have become another similar scene:

Hugh Orde, President of the Association of Chief Police Officers has spoken of historical riots and of people who clash with the police:

“with many of these events, it is a case of people who feel disenfranchised in the far broader sense exhibiting their displeasure with the current government through attacking the cops—not far different from what you saw [at the student protests].”

The question that should be looked at now – is whether this is a real solution to anything – many would argue that we live in a democracy where one can make their voices heard in a ‘realistic’ way such as mass peaceful protest, which in the student protests many abided to.

The same cannot be said about the August riots – what started off as a peaceful protest on Friday 5th August, (Thursday 4th August was the shooting of Mark Duggan which occured at 6:15pm) turned into a full blown riot on Saturday night (6th August), copy cat riots happened all across the UK. Although in the student riots the majority were peaceful; The August riots it is reported – (by many including BBC’s Panorama) – that a group of between 200 and 300 turned violent outside a police station in Tottenham (there is also speculation that this was due to a female being hit by a police officer). The police have labelled these riots in the aftermath as having to deal with a “unique” situation/case (where the majority were no longer abidng to a peaceful protest) – protests are mainly and usually peaceful in the UK which is mostly the case and these actions of protest are welcomed and applauded by the Government, the rioting and looting are not, and the government and courts are ensuring that those involved become conscious of this, through regular speeches and sentencing.

Hugh Orde – said of the student riots in November 2010 : “My sense of it was that the vast majority of people were exercising their democratic right to protest. But embedded in that crowd were people absolutely determined to cause as much disorder and mayhem as they could.” he also says they don’t know what their doing and that “they get caught up in the event.”

President Orde also said in the interview which was in February this year – of the student protests – “My sense is that the majority of people don’t want to cause extreme violence, and I still believe that it is not good enough to throw our hands up in the air and say  oh, we can’t negotiate because there is no one to negotiate with.”

Mr Orde goes on to say “There are lots of people we can talk to, but they need to stand up and lead their people too. If they don’t, we must be clear that the people who wish to demonstrate won’t engage, communicate or share what they intend to do with us, and so our policing tactics will have to be different. And the public [will] have a much better understanding of why police tactics have to be slightly more extreme, if the public understands that the only reason these tactics are necessary is that protestors will not engage with us pre-event. If the protestors will not talk to us, well, we can’t just not police the event.”

Many from the Government – as things stand – may question why the police did not take a more pro-arrest approach and use robust methods if necessary; if this action would further protect people and their property and community. The police overall managed to stop the rioting a week after the shooting of Mr Duggan. And there have been a few hero stories from the police – side – where a small group of officers took on hundreds of rioters by charging them and securing their perimeters together. The riots have caused worldwide condemnation and shock – they have also left much damage and altered communities dramatically in their appearance.

 As for the police they have been described as using what has been described as “soft” tactics; and David Cameron said: “The tactics the police were using weren’t working”. The police will be receiving further training and a review of the police is to take place. Also the government are looking to go ahead with police-cuts.

Mr Cameron also announced :

“The security fightback will start with a stronger police presence – walking the beat, deterring crime and ready to crack down at the first sign of trouble. Paperwork will be reduced to get more police officers out on the streets, while accountability to the public will be improved through elected police and crime commissioners. Police powers will also be increased. The police already have the power to issue dispersal orders, while over the coming months:

  • gang injunctions will be extended to under-18s
  • police will be allowed to remove face coverings from rioters
  • the power to confiscate offenders’ property will be looked at”

The government and the police have since the rioting looked at police powers:  The police have already been authorised to use baton rounds. While water cannons aren’t currently needed, plans have been put in place for them to be available at 24 hours’ notice. The police will also be given the discretion to remove face coverings under any circumstances where there is reasonable suspicion that they are related to criminal activity.

In other news: Sir Hugh Orde has applied to be the next Commisioner of the Metropolitan Police – after Sir Paul Stephenson resigned over the News of the World hacking scandal. More than 3,300 people have now been arrested across the country.

Courts in London, Manchester and the West Midlands are working hard to clear the backlog of cases.

The IPCC are still working on their report of the shooting of Mark Duggan.

Blackberry and social media used by Police to stop riots

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The police managed to stop the Olympic stadium (and other key hotspots, for potential riots) from being damaged through online and phone monitoring. They used the information found on phones and online to organise police presence at these potentially targeted places. The police are now looking into the possibility of shutting down these mediums in any similar events.

This comes amidst talks by the Government and in particular Theresa May, who have all suggested that social media and Blackberry’s may be banned in their use during times of crisis.

Mr Cameron has said whilst at the emergency Parliament meeting last Thursday:

Mr Speaker, everyone watching these horrific actions will be stuck by how they were organised via social media. Free flow of information can be used for good. But it can also be used for ill. And when people are using social media for violence we need to stop them. So we are working with the Police, the intelligence services and industry to look at whether it would be right to stop people communicating via these websites and services when we know they are plotting violence, disorder and criminality.

Assistant Met Police Commissioner – Ms Lynne Owens spoke of officers sifting through an “overwhelming” amount of “chitter chatter” on social networks during last week’s riots in London, she went on to say: “Through Twitter and BBM there was intelligence that the Olympic site, that both Westfields [shopping centres] and Oxford Street were indeed going to be targeted,” she told the home affairs select committee. Ms Owens also said: “We were able to secure all those places and indeed there was no damage at any of them.”

RiM – Research in Motion the company that produces Blackberry’s have said they will co-operate with the police and by law the police are able to serve Rim with an order to reveal information. Under the same law, Rim are barred from disclosing whether they’ve done so or not.

This is underThe Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (RIPA) provides that the interception of communications is unlawful in most cases. However, the Act states that law enforcement agencies, including the police and MI5, can force telecoms companies to hand over customers’ details in order to tap phone, internet or email communications to protect the UK’s national security interests, prevent and detect terrorism and serious crime or to safeguard the UK’s economic well-being.

The communications industry is still striving to further the world of communications – as Apple are set to launch a messenger service on their i-phones and facebook are to make available a messenger with Android phones. The government will be taking this into consideration too.

The Association of British Insurers has estimated the cost from the riots and looting at 200 million pounds ($326 million) this total is expected to rise.

England 12/8/2011: Run-down of Riots (List of Places Rioted Included)

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The Government has now put measures into place such as the increased number of police presence on the streets and the potential to use water canons to bring the rioting to an end, if in any circumstances they begin again.

As for Police injuries 300 officers have been injured and a police officer died in the riots in Wembley, after being run-over, three people have been arrested on suspicion of Murder. 60 civilians were injured in the riots.

A rundown of the riots since Saturday 6th August: Riots started in Tottenham, then moved on to Tottenham Hale, and Wood Green.

Sunday 7th saw riots spread to Chingford Mount, Enfield, Islington, Oxford Circus, Ponders End, Walthamstow.

On Monday 8th there were riots in Bethnal Green, Bromley, Camden, Clapham, Croydon, Ealing, East Ham, Hackney Lewisham, Peckham, Stratford, Woolwich.

Tuesday 9th August saw riots in Birmingham,Clapham, Leicester, Manchester, Salford, West Bromwich, Wolverhampton.

The other places riots took place were: Balham, Barking, Battersea, Bexley, Birkenhead,Birmingham, Bristol, Brixton, Bury, Cambridge, Camden/Chalk Farm, Charlton, Chingford, Colliers Wood, Coulsdon, Dalston, Dulwich, Denmark Hill, Eastham, Elephant and Castle, Enfield, Fulham, Hackney, Harlesden, Huddersfield, Islington, Kent, Lavender Hill, Leicester, Lewisham, Leyton, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Merton, Norbury, Nottingham, Notting Hill, Oldham, Peckham, Ponders End,  Purley Way, Rochdale, Sefton, Shephard’s Bush, Salford, Stratford, Streatham, Stoke Newington, Surrey Quays, Sutton, Thornton Heath, Tooting, Waltham Cross, Walthomstow Forest, Wirral,  Wembley, Wolverhampton, Woolwich.

Major fires were started in Barking, Clapham Junction, Croydon, Dagenham, Ealing, Greenwich, and Southwark.

Theresa May has said: “The police will maintain their tough arrest policy, and their presence on the streets.”

The streets of England seem calm for the moment.

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